Thursday, July 24, 2014


   SBI CLERK 2014
  1. ·         Any computer parts that you can actually touch are considered to be (Hardware ).
  2. ·         The box that contains the central electronic components of the computer is the  (SYSTEM UNIT).
  3. ·        Devices, such as monitors and printers, that are connected to the computer are called (peripheral devices)
  4. ·         A(n) ____________device enables you to enter data and instructions into the computer (INPUT DEVICE)
  5. ·        ____________, when attached to a computer, can translate a user’s handwriting into digital input. (DIGITIZER OR GRAPHICS TABLET).
  6. ·        most common input devices are the ____________ and the ____________. ( KEYBOARD AND MOUSE)
  7. ·        most common keyboard uses the ____________ layout ( QUERTY).
  8. ·         The ____________ key and the ____________ key can be used in combination with other keys to perform shortcuts and special tasks.( CONTROL AND ALT)
  9. ·        The Delete key, Num Lock key, and Caps Lock key are considered ____________ keys because their function changes each time you press them. (TOGGLE KEYS)
  10. ·        I-beam or an arrow is known as the mouse (POINTER).
  11. ·        A ____________ is the traditional way to enter data into a PDA and can be used on Tablet PCs for handwriting recognition (STYLUS)
  12. ·         A ____________ is an output device that creates tangible hard copies. PRINTER
  13. ·        The diagonal distance, measured in millimeters, between pixels of the same color is called (DOT PITCH)
  14. ·        ____________ printers have tiny hammer-like keys that strike the paper through an inked ribbon (IMPACT  PRINTER).
  15. ·         Inkjet printers and laser printers are examples of ____________ printers.(NON IMPACT PRINTER)
  16. ·         ____________ are large printers used to produce oversize pictures that require precise continuous lines, such as maps and architectural plans.
  17. ·         A printer’s speed is measured in: (PPM ).
  18. ·        Restarting the system when it is already powered on is called (WARM BOOTING).
  19. ·        is when the computer saves an image of the desktop and powers down (HIBERNATE).
  20. ·         ____________ data and programs are stored in the hard drive.(PRERMANENT)
  21. ·        Hard disk drives are considered ____________ storage (NOT VOLATILE MEMORY)
  22. ·         ____________ are devices used to transmit data over telecommunications lines. (MODEM)
  23. ·         The ____________ port sends data one bit at a time and is often used to connect a modem to the computer. (SEREAL )
  24. ·        The ____________ port transmits data in groups of bits, is faster than a serial port, and is generally used to connect a printer (PARALLEL).
  25. ·        The ____________, housed inside the system unit, regulates the wall voltage to the voltages required by the computer chips( SMPS)
  26. ·         The ____________ enables your computer to connect to other computers. (NIC).
  27. ·         ____________ is referred to as primary storage (RAM)
  28. ·         RAM is considered volatile storage, which means it is: (TEMPORARY OR VOLATILE MEMORY).
  29. ·         ____________ is a form of permanent memory that holds all the instructions the computer needs to start up and does not get erased when the power is turned off.( ROM).
  30. ·         ____________ speed is measured in nanoseconds. (RAM).
  31. ·         A(n) ____________ is a combination of hardware and software that facilitates the sharing of information between computing devices. (NETWORK )
  32. ·         Storage devices, such as floppy disk drives and Zip disk drives that are no longer standard on many new computers, are known as ____________ technologies.( LEGACY)
  33. ·         ____________ is a series of small cards (called memory cards or memory modules) that plug into slots on the motherboard. (RAM)
  34. ·         ____________ devices, such as monitors, modems, and printers, are devices that are externally connected to the computer. PERIPHERAL
  35. ·        A(n)____________ mouse uses an internal sensor or laser instead of a rollerball, and therefore does not need a mousepad.  (OPTICAL).
  36. ·        ____________ keyboards have a much shorter range than radio frequency (RF) keyboards (BLUETOOTH)
  37. ·         ____________ technology allows a person sitting at a computer equipped with a personal video camera and a microphone to transmit video and audio across the Internet. (VEDIO CONFRENCING)
  38. ·        In ____________ systems, you operate your computer through a microphone, telling it to perform specific commands or translate spoken words into data input. ( SPEECH – RECOGNITION )
  39. ·         Two power-management settings on a computer are ____________ and ____________. (hibernation and Stand By mode)
  40. ·        ____________drives, sometimes referred to as jump drives or thumb drives, are a newer alternative to storing portable data. (FLASH )
  41. ·        ____________ is the largest printed circuit board to which all other boards are connected. (MOTHERBOARD).
  42. ·        ____________ is the storage space nearby the CPU where data and commands are stored and can be located, opened, and delivered to the CPU for processing in a few billionths of a second (RAM).
  43. ·        Devices such as digital video cameras, MP3 players, and digital media players benefit from using a(n) ____________ port, one of the newer and faster interfaces available, which can transfer data from 400 Mbps to 800 Mbps (FIRE –WIRE).
  44. ·         Thermal printers are ideal for mobile computing because they are compact, lightweight, and require no ink cartridges.
  45. ·        USB ports can connect a wide variety of peripherals to the computer, including keyboards, printers, mice, and digital cameras
  46. ·         Match the following ports with the devices most likely to be connected to them:
  47. ·         I.     VGA port                     A. flash drive
  48. ·         II.    parallel port                B. monitor
  49. ·         III.   serial port                    C. printer
  50. ·         IV.  Ethernet port            D. modem
  51. ·         V.    USB port                      E. DSL or cable modem (Answer: B, C, D, E, A)
  52. ·         Match the following terms with their meanings:
  53. ·         I.     stylus                                            A. an input device used to enter data on a PDA
  54. ·         II.    hertz (Hz)                                    B. the clearness or sharpness of an image
  55. ·         III.   resolution                                   C. temporary
  56. ·         IV.  volatile                                         D. a unit of frequency indicating cycles per second
  57. ·         V.    system unit                                E. contains the central electronic components of the computer
  58. ·         Answer: A, D, B, C, E
  59. ·         Match the following terms with their meanings:
  60. ·         I.     peripheral devices   A. an example of permanent storage
  61. ·         II.    modem port              B. external devices that exchange data with the computer through ports
  62. ·         III.   dot-matrix                  C. an example of an impact printer
  63. ·         IV.  ergonomics                D. an example of a connectivity port
  64. ·         V.    hard disk drive          E. the science involved with minimizing the risk of injury or discomfort
  65. ·         B, D, C, E, A
  66. ·        The memory which is utmost accessible to the processor is (CACHE MEMORY).
  67. ·        High density double sided floppy disks could store _____ of data (1.44 MB)
  68. ·         . which of the following memories must be refreshed many times per second? (DRAM)
  69. ·        Which of the following memories not needs refresh? (SRAM)
  70. ·        A storage area used to store data to a compensate for the difference in speed at which the different units can handle data is (BUFFER )
  71. ·         Instructions and memory address are represented by (BINARY CODES)
  72. ·         . The memory which is programmed at the time (PROM).
  73. ·         In magnetic disks data is organized on the
  74. ·         platter in a concentric sets or rings called (TRACK)
  75. ·         concentric circles on a hard drive (TRACK).
  76. ·         the time it takes a storage device to locate and retrieve stored data  (ACCESS-TIME)
  77. ·         . pie-shaped wedges on a hard drive (SECTOR).
  78. ·         IBM stands for International Business Machines.
  79. ·         Which of the following memories must be refreshed many times per second. (DRAM).
  80. ·         A collection of 8 bits is called.( 1 byte or 1 Character ).
  81. ·         The BOOT sector files of the system are stored in (ROM ).
  82. ·         Which of the following is exclusively a sequential access storage device.( Magnetic  Tape).
  83. ·         The concept of virtual memory:
  84. ·         Cache memory -- faster to access than DRAM
  85. ·         In processing cheques which of the following I/O techniques have banks traditionally used (MICR).
  86. ·         Type of RAM that is NOT temporary is NV RAM.
  87. ·         ROM is type of ------------ FIRMWARE.
  88. ·         The container that houses most of the electronic components that make up a (SYSTEM UNIT).
  89. ·         Numbering system in which all numbers consist of only two digits-0 and1 (BINARY NUMBER SYSTERM)
  90. ·         The communications web for the entire computer system. ------------ SYSTEM BOARD
  91. ·         Consists of a tiny circuit board etched on a stamp-sized square of silicon (CHIP).
  92. ·         Tells the rest of the computer system how to carry out a program’s instuctions. ---------- CONTROL UNIT.
  93. ·         Performs arithmetic operations and logical operations. (ALU)
  94. ·         The most common type of microprocessor. ---------- (CISC CHIP).
  95. ·         A plastic card, the size of a regular credit card, with an embedded chip.  (SMART CARD READER).
  96. ·         Volatile storage that holds the program and the data the CPU is currently  processing. ---( RAM).
  97. ·         Temporary high-speed holding area between the memory and the CPU (CHACHE MERMOY).
  98. ·         Produces precisely timed electrical beats used as a timing mechanism (SYSTEM CLOCK)
  99. ·         Machines manufactured so that users cannot easily add new devices. (closed architecture)
  100. ·         Also called plug-in boards, controller cards, adapter cards, and interface cards. ---( EXPANSION BOARD ).
  101. ·         Card that allows distant computers to communicate, via converted elec-  tronic signals, over telephone lines. ------- MODEM
  102. ·         Credit card-sized expansion boards used by portable computers. --------- (PC CARD).
  103. ·         Connects the parts of the CPU to each other. ------- DATA BUS
  104. ·         Connecting socket on the outside of the system unit. ------- PORT.
  105. ·         Connects external devices that need to send or receive a lot of data over a short distance. ---- (PARALLEL PORT.)
  106. ·         Connects input and output devices to the system unit via the ports. (CABLE).
  107. ·         You organize files by storing them in (FOLDER).
  108. ·         Where are data and programme stored when the processor uses them? (MAIN MERMORY).
  109. ·         What characteristic of read-only memory (ROM) makes it useful? (Data in ROM is non-volatile, that is, it remains there even without electrical power )


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  2. Thats a very nice and informative blog for computer awareness.